Krosno Odrzańskie is a city situated in the Middle Oder River Valley, by the Oder River, at the estuary of the Bóbr River. Krosno was first mentioned in documents in the year 1005. Since the very dawn of its existence, Krosno played a significant role in the western defence line of Poland, thanks to its strategic location in the forks of two rivers. Krosno Odrzańskie was granted its borough rights by its Henry the Bearded, Duke of Silesia, sometime between 1217 and 1232. In the 12th Century, it gained more prestige, as a result of its elevation to the rank of a prince castellany, which increased its significance and boosted economic development. In the 13th Century, Krosno became part of the newly established Duchy of Głogów, which was comprised of Głogów, Bytom, and Kożuchów, in addition to Krosno Odrzańskie itself. In 1482, by force of a treaty signed in Kamieniec Podolski, Krosno Odrzańskie was transferred under the control of Brandenburg, within which territory it remained continuously, until 1945. Then, it was incorporated into the territory of Poland, as a result of peace treaties signed after the Second World War, and soon people from the so-called Eastern Borderlands, primarily from Vilnius Region, started to settle there.
If you go to the south of the city, you will find a chain of mediaeval earthen structures, most likely built for military purposes, which are collectively referred to as the Silesian Walls or the Bolesław Chrobry Shafts. This continuous structure is referred to as the longest architectural monument in Central Europe.
Krosno Odrzańskie is a birthplace of Joanna Brodzik, an excellent Polish actress, and also the location where the film ‘Yuma’ directed by Piotr Mularuk takes place. The world première of the film was organised at the local garrison club.